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Scientific Advisory Board

Prof. Jennifer Littlechild, Ph.D.
Exeter Biocatalysis Centre, Director, Exeter, United Kingdom

Jennifer LittlechildProfessor Jennifer Littlechild is Professor of Biological Chemistry and Director of the Henry Wellcome Centre for Biocatalysis at Exeter. She carried out her Ph.D. in the Biophysics Laboratory, Kings College, London University, UK followed by a postdoctoral fellowship at the Biochemistry Department at Princeton University, USA. In 1975 she became a group leader at the Max-Planck Institute for Molecular Genetics in Berlin, Germany. In 1980 she returned to the UK to Bristol University and in 1991 to Exeter. Her current research grants are from UK research councils, BBSRC, EPSRC and the EU and large and SME industries.

Her research studies involve the structural and mechanistic characterisation of the C-C bond forming enzymes transketolase and aldolase, vanadium haloperoxidases, Baeyer-Villiger monooxygenases, aminoacylases, novel esterases and lipases, gamma lactamases, alcohol dehydrogenases, dehalogenases, transaminases, carbonic anhydrases and other enzymes from thermophilic bacteria and archaea.  She has a special interest in thermophilic enzymes and their application in biotechnology. She has published over 130 publications in refereed high impact journals and presented her research work internationally. She is currently UK representative on the European Section of Applied Biocatalysis and on the Advisory group representing Biotechnology for EU Horizon programme.

She has authored 209 publications and has supervised 40 doctoral theses, many of whom have been linked to industry.


Prof. Roberto Fernandez-Lafuente, Ph.D.
Lead researcher, Optimization of bioprocesses and biocatalysis, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas, Madrid, Spain

Roberto Fernandez-LafuenteProfessor Fernandez-Lafuente is internationally recognized in biocatalysis with special expertise in relation to immobilization and optimization of stability of enzymes, Dr. Fernandez-Lafuente holds a degree in Biology from Universidad Complutense de Madrid, a Ph.D in Sciences from Universidad Autónoma de Madrid and a Post doctorate from University College London. He is presently the lead researcher responsible for the group "Optimization of bioprocesses and biocatalysis" at ICP-CSIC.

Professor Fernandez-Lafuente has a vast experience in the study of the interactions between biomacromolecules and activated solids, either to purify or immobilize/stabilize these biomacromolecules. Moreover, he has expertise in the chemical and physical modification of these biomacromolecules, either to improve their properties or to improve their immobilization performance. He also has experience on the integration of other technological tools to have a better biocatalyst, such as microbiology (using enzymes from thermophiles) molecular biology (purification by affinity, directed immobilization/rigidification).

He has coauthored over 380 papers and 20 patents, and has supervised 18 doctoral theses, presenting a H-index of 66 (see scopus @

Prof. Patrick Mills, Ph.D.
Dotterweich Chair and Professor, Department of Chemical and Natural Gas Engineering, Texas A&M University, Kingsville, Texas

Patrick MillsProf. Patrick Mills is the Frank H. Dotterweich Chair and Professor in the Department of Chemical and Natural Gas Engineering at Texas A&M University-Kingsville.  Before being appointed to this position in January 2006, he was a Senior Research Associate in the DuPont Company's Central Research and Development Department in Wilmington, Delaware.  During his 15+ years at DuPont, he used his expertise in reaction kinetics, multiphase reaction engineering, transport phenomena, and experimental systems engineering to impact many technology areas in various DuPont businesses, such as Dacron, Nylon, Lycra, White Pigments, Fluoroproducts, and Nonwovens.  He was awarded an Engineering Excellence Award from DuPont in 1996 for development of the MARS system, which is an automated catalyst testing productivity device.  Prior to joining DuPont, Dr. Mills worked for nearly 10 years at the Monsanto Corporate Research Center in St. Louis and the GE Corporate R&D Center in Schenectady, New York.  His research here utilized reaction engineering for the discovery and development of new molecules and processes in various technologies, such as agricultural and rubber chemicals, detergent hydrophobes, aromatic polycarbonates, and functionalized olefinic polymers.  He also served as a Research Associate Professor at Washington University in St. Louis from 1988 to 1990.  He also held appointments as Adjunct Professor of Chemical Engineering at the University of Delaware and Washington University in St. Louis where he taught graduate courses in reaction engineering and applied mathematics. 

Dr. Mills is the author or co-author of over 150 publications in chemical engineering and applied mathematics, has presented more than 150 papers at professional society meetings, and is named co-inventor on 2 patents.  He is a member of the AIChE, Sigma Xi, and the Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics.  He has chaired or co-chaired numerous sessions in reaction engineering at the AIChE annual meetings, served as guest editor for special journal issues and edited volumes, and served as Chair of the AIChE Catalysis and Reaction Engineering Division from 2005 to 2006.


Normand Voyer, Ph.D.
Vice President, Biocatalysis

Normand VoyerDr. Voyer joined CO2 Solutions in 2006 as vice president, Technology Applications, and was appointed interim president & CEO in January 2008. Prior to 2006, Dr. Voyer was a member of CO2 Solutions' scientific advisory committee. Dr. Voyer is recognized for his research in bioorganic chemistry, and is the founder of the Quebec Research Centre on Protein Structure, Function, and Engineering (CREFSIP). Dr. Voyer also served as director of Chemistry at Biopharmacopae Design International Inc., and was a visiting scientist for E. I. DuPont de Nemours & Co in Wilmington, DE. Dr. Voyer holds a doctorate in organic chemistry from Laval University and a postdoctoral degree in bioorganic chemistry from UCLA.